Floor coverings are an integral part of any interior design. They interact with other design elements of the room and have a great influence on the way your home interior look like. Hardwood, laminate, ceramic tiles, carpet, vinyl, concrete, linoleum, palm, cork or bamboo flooring … which floor covering is most suite and what are the criteria for choosing the best floor covering for your home?

Here is a List of Criteria for Choosing a Floor Covering Type

1. Carpet Floor Coverings

  • Soft, flexible floor covering offering comfort in bedrooms, family rooms, and hallways
  • Choose a wall-to-wall carpet for a sleek and comfortable look
  • Select a lighter color to focus attention of furniture
  • Use a monochromatic theme to make the room appear larger
  • A small amount of texture will enhance the visual aspect of the floor
  • Stripes of variable width will make a bold and less predictable design
  • Warm tans and cool whites will balance cleanliness and comfort
  • Use a soft carpet for additional comfort and sound-absorbing
  • Is the most warmer and softer floor covering
  • Much quieter than any other kind of floors
  • Economical floor covering in terms of cost per square foot and installation
  • Typically made from synthetic fibers bonded to a mesh backing
  • More expensive carpets are made from natural fibers such as wool
  • Installing carpet require some specialized tools and skills
  • No very durable in comparison with other floor covering types
  • Carpet may not be as trendy as hardwood floors
  • Carpets come in rolls or squares and are easy to install

2. Ceramic Tile Floors

  • Ceramic tiles are a hard, durable and versatile floor covering available in wide variety of sizes, patterns, shapes and colors
  • Can exude refinement and elegance by setting the tone of the room
  • Can be the focal point of the room
  • Can be simple in its neutral color and pattern and allow for multiple room styles over decades
  • Laid on diagonal ceramic tiles widen a long and narrow room
  • Hexagon tiles allow for eye-catching designs
  • Use tiles with rough edges to give character to your floor covering
  • Monotone color schemes are perfect for small spaces like bathrooms
  • Use rows with the same width but different individual tiles in each row to get an interesting regular and random effect
  • Use limestone and glass for a sophisticated and calm atmosphere
  • Excellent for high moisture and/or high traffic areas
  • Available in unglazed quarry tiles, glazed ceramic tiles, porcelain mosaic tiles, or natural stone tiles such as marble, slate or granite
  • Ceramic tiles are durable and scratch, fire and water resistant
  • More expensive than other types of floor coverings
  • Offering the greatest design flexibility
  • Ceramic tile may not work well in some rooms

3. Wood Floors

  • Hardwood is one of the most popular floor covering option
  • Warm and elegant, suitable for dining rooms, living rooms and entry ways
  • Natural warmth and comfort, do not compete with other decorations in the room
  • Use two different woods to create an appealing boarder around the room
  • Use area rugs to enhance the look of the room
  • Available in traditional solid wood planks, plywood backed wood planks, or laminated or engineered wood
  • Available in narrow strips, medium strip, long strip, regular plank, wide planks and parquet squares
  • Pre-finished or unfinished hardwood floors are also available
  • Use palm, cork or bamboo flooring as alternative – these options are easy to install and ecologically friendly
  • Available in high quality and relatively large variety of finishes
  • Elegance of this type of flooring will add character to any room in your home
  • Installation is relatively simple and can be glue down, nailed down or floating
  • Hardwood floors can be installed over almost any type of sub-flooring

4. Laminated Floors

  • Laminate floor covering offers similar appearance to hardwood at reasonable costs
  • Excellent alternative to hardwood if traffic and cost are of concern
  • Typically installed over a foam underlayment
  • Suitable for high traffic areas
  • Installation and replacement is easy – most brands snaps together while some must be glued onto underlayment
  • Laminate floors are fade and stain resistant
  • Very high quality laminate floor coverings are available
  • Best laminate floors are imports from Europe
  • Not as durable as the hardwood floors
  • Laminate floors are easy to install – typically installed as floating floors
  • Laminate floors are are incredibly durable and very easy to clean

5. Vinyl Floors

  • A single color washed over the floor, walls and home accessories will generate a cool and smooth surface
  • More than two colors alternating in irregular pattern will give the room a casual feel
  • Use vinyl tiles that look like ceramic, if ceramic does not feel good under your feet
  • Use several subdued colors for a contemporary look or dark separation borders for a dramatic vinyl floor
  • To bring the spaces together, the dividing lines must not correspond exactly with the room transitions
  • Versatile and flexible surface most often used in kitchen and baths
  • Available in all sorts of stylish colors and patterns
  • Can look like ceramic tiles, hardwood or stone
  • Relatively easy installation – must be glued to underlayment
  • Not recommended for high moisture areas if the floor covering will have lots of seems
  • Relatively easy to maintain

6. Concrete Floors

  • Concrete floors can be both beautiful and durable
  • Can be dyed to create the look of ceramic, stone or even marble
  • Cement floors do not absorb well sounds
  • Add soft furniture and luxuriant window coverings to absorb more sound
  • A concrete floor offers numerous options for interior rooms including nearly limitless designs and colors
  • Cement floors can be acid-stained, painted, and uniquely designed by applying cuts, textures, patterns, overlays, or micro-toppings
  • Concrete floors can be naturally colored so that it blends seamlessly with other elements in a room
  • Easy to change – just place hardwood, ceramic or carpet on top of the concrete slab
  • Extremely suitable in regions with lots of sand or snow
  • Cement floor are a good alternative to carpet for people with asthma or other allergies
  • Concrete floor are extremely easy to maintain

7. Ecologically Friendly Floors for the Ecologically Conscious

  • Use limestone or tumbled slate as great alternative to ceramic or vinyl for bathrooms
  • Wool carpets are ecological alternatives to traditional petroleum-based carpets
  • Carpet squares made from recycled soften hard surfaces and scrap rubber can be used as alternative floor coverings
  • Palm, cork or bamboo flooring are natural alternatives to hardwood flooring
  • Tiles made of recycled glass, aluminum or brass prevent such materials to end up in landfills
  • Linoleum is a renewable material and the best available alternative to vinyl

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