Your need a wood sander for your hobby activities but you are not exctly sure what sander to buy. You saw different varieties which come in different shapes and sizes. Some of them have belts other sanding pads or have sanding drums. Regardless of its respective shape, every type of sander has been designed with key features in mind.

Orbital sanders

Check out more orbital sanders.

  • the base of the sander is rectangular
  • can get easily close to an inside corner
  • relatively gentle machines that do not remove material too quickly
  • orbital action can leave pigtail-shaped scratches onto the surface

Random-orbit sanders

Check out more random-orbit sanders.

  • designed for smooth sanding patterns
  • combines an orbital and spinning motion resulting in more agressive sanding that regular orbiting sanders
  • some models come with variable-speed options
  • most random-orbit sanders feature pad speed dampening when sander is lifted from the surface being sanded

Belt sanders

Check out more belt sanders.

  • come in a variety of sizes – most common sizes 2 1/2″ x 14″ and 4″ x 24″
  • some available with variable-speed controls
  • transverse machines (motors mounted perpendicular to the belt), and compact in-line machines (motors mounted in the center of the tool)
  • most are equiped with a sanding frame to help prevent gouging
  • can be equiped with a variety of sanding belts of various grit
  • most belt sanders come with a dust-collection bag sander or a dust-collection system
  • some sanders have low-profile front design to sand closer to vertical surfaces
  • some have slim front-design to sand between spindles or in narrow spaces
  • most are fitted with a retractable hood to allow for sanding in confined areas

Finishing Sanders

Check out more finishing sanders.

  • specially designed for finishing work
  • can have an oscillating head and a triangular sanding pad – can reach into tight spots
  • can feature a in-line motion – best suited for profiled edges
  • may come as sanding kits with a variety of heads that can be matched to almost any curved or profiled surfaces

Drum sanders

Check out more drum sanders.

  • uses an abrasive strip wounded around a drum
  • can handle paper grits from 30, for dimensioning, up to 200 for finishing work
  • open frame drum sanders can handle wood twice the width of the drum
  • closed-frame machines are larger and more powerful than the open frame drum sanders
  • open frame drum sanders are less expensive than closed-frame drum sanders

Important Features when Selecting a Wood Sander

  • Ease of use
  • Variable speed capabilities
  • Efficient dust collection
  • Size and weight
  • Multiple choices of sanding paper grits
  • How easy can the sanding paper be changed
  • Cost of sanding paper

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